The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as existing when “people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”.

Protection is “all activities aimed at ensuring full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and the spirit of the relevant bodies of law” (ICRC 2009).

The top priorities for WASH elements in a humanitarian response should be providing sufficient quantities of safe water, arrangement of basic sanitation, and promoting good hygiene behaviour.

In humanitarian emergencies where there are food shortages, assistance consists of delivering food to affected populations, ensuring that the food that is provided is nutritionally appropriate, addresses context-specific problems, and meets minimum energy, protein and fat requirements for survival and light physical activity.

In humanitarian crises, many of those affected are forced to flee their homes, and many homes are destroyed, especially in natural disasters.

How to avoid gender inequality in times of humanitarian crises?