Typhoon Kai-tak triggered severe flooding and landslides in the eastern part of the Philippines in December 2017. The category 2 storm dumped 2 months worth of rain in 48 hours, killing at least 47 people. Almost two million in 2,500 barangays (village or urban neighbourhood) were affected. The disaster caused significant damage to infrastructure, settlements and farmlands.
Shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene services, livelihood
Of those affected, approximately 225,000 fled to evacuation centres in five regions. The storm destroyed many homes and crops, while overflowing rivers and landslides cut off many villages. In addition, water systems were damaged and assessments revealed that 80 per cent of the total water sources were contaminated. As such, waterborne diseases are expected to rise. Poor and displaced families living in evacuation centers or with host families are dealing with a scarcity of clean water, poor sanitation and a lack of shelter.
Assist severely affected families with their shelter and hygiene needs and improve their access to potable water
• Install water and water treatment facilities to provide clean water to 10,000 people.
• Provide water kits containing jerry cans and water purification tablets to ensure households can store clean water.
• Repair water systems as required.
• Distribute hygiene kits to residents in evacuation centres and staying with host families.
• Install emergency communal toilets and septic services at evacuation centres and other community-based facilities.
• Distribute cleaning kits to prevent further deterioration of public health
• Provide $50 CAD cash grants (equivalent to the cost of food for a month for a family) to 500 of the most vulnerable and marginalized affected households. This support will ensure food and basic needs of the family are sustained.
• Provide $25 CAD cash transfer to 500 of the most vulnerable women to meet their nutritional requirements, focusing on pregnant women, lactating mothers and older persons.
• Provide 2,000 households with household items including cooking pot, frying pan, house mat, mosquito net, tarp, rope and bedding materials.
• Provide $25 to 500 especially vulnerable women to supplement the distribution of household goods.
Oxfam has been present in the Philippines for 28 years, and is already present in the most affected province, Biliran. Over the years, Oxfam and its local partner have built strong coordination mechanisms with local government agencies and communities. Oxfam has extensive experience in humanitarian response in the area, having responded to five typhoons in the country since 2013. Its experience has led to many innovations on markets based programming, including the use of electronic payment systems and sanitation marketing.