Since mid‐January, military operations in North Darfur have forced large numbers of people to flee their homes and seek refuge. Initial assessments have identified 21,690 internally displaced people (IDPs) in the village of Sortony alone, with the United Nations suggesting that figure could reach as high as 72,000 as more people continue to flee. Affected people are living in an open area, in poor shelters fixed with old clothes and trees branches. Most of them have arrived in Sortony with very light household assets, some with small herds of goats and donkeys that are difficult to care for in the current prevailing situation.
Water, sanitation and hygiene
The most urgent needs are access to safe water and sanitation, non‐food items, food, health care and nutrition, education and protection. There are no potential water sources at Sortony, with the closest source 6‐8 kilometres away. Currently, water is being trucked in on a daily basis, but supply is not enough to meet the current needs, let alone the potential needs as more people flee their homes. Lack of sanitation facilities, water and soap has led to a deterioration of hygiene and sanitation practices and conditions. As well, markets are no longer viable options for access to food and livelihood items because of security and safety concerns.
Provide improved water, sanitation and hygiene access to 21,690 people and assess feasibility of providing cash transfers to improve access to food and allow the most vulnerable to regain ability to sustain their livelihoods.
- Truck in water, rehabilitate existing and drill new hand pumps, build 200 emergency temporary latrines, distribute hygiene kits to 1,000 households and create awareness for proper hygiene practices.
- Monitor and assess the market situation and, if appropriate, provide cash transfers to 500 households.
Since 2005, Oxfam has operated in the region with its local partner Kabkabiya Smallholder Charitable Society (KSCS). Oxfam has been engaged in providing humanitarian assistance as well as building the resilience of rural communities in area. In addition Oxfam has a well‐established office in North Darfur state that can provide better access and operational capacity to deliver programs to the conflict affected locality of Sortony. Oxfam has prior experience of assisting disaster affected communities with WASH, shelter related items, as well as implementing cash transfers in its humanitarian responses.