Since the beginning of the Syrian crisis in 2011, approximately 1.5 million people have fled the conflict to seek refuge in Turkey. A large additional influx of new refugees from the Ain al Arab region crossed into Turkey when the Syrian Kurdish enclave of Kobane was overrun by Islamic State (IS) fighters in September 2014.
The majority of refugees fled with no household items or food, and arrived with only the clothes they were wearing. The most urgent needs were for basic food, water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), shelter, basic medical care, and non-food items, particularly moving into the winter months.
CARE was one of the first agencies on the ground, delivering emergency relief, including food, blankets, and hygiene kits. CARE also provided water and sanitation services such as installation of communal water storage and distribution points, and construction of latrines and bathing spaces, in order to reduce people’s vulnerability to water-related diseases. CARE distributed winter items to the most vulnerable 180 households.